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Born in Brussels, Belgium, 1905
Studied at the Kansas City Art Institute, New York Art Students' League and in Europe
Instructor of painting, drawing and composition at the Kansas City Art Institute, 1935-1940.
Executed three murals for post offices for Section of Fine Arts, Washington, D.C.: Marceline, Missouri, Mt. Vernon, Missouri and Spencer, Indiana.
PRIZES AND PURCHASES
1935 1st Prize, Kansas City Sweepstakes Exhibition, oil
1936 1st Prize, Midwestern Exhibition, Kansas City Art Institute, oil
1938 Prize for Best Oil, Kansas City Art Institute
1939 Painting Purchased From World's Fair and Presented to Kansas City Art Institute
1940 Honorable Award, Hallmark Competition, oil
1950 Purchase from Whitney Museum by Hudson Walker, oil
1950 J. Henry Scheidt Memorial Prize, Pennsylvania Academy, oil
1951 Purchase from Ganso Gallery by Stanley Marcus, oil
1953 Purchase from Pennsylvania Academy, oil
1936 Colorado Springs Fine Arts Center
1936 Denver Museum
1937 Woman's City Club, Kansas City Missouri 1949 Artists Gallery, New York City
1951 Ganso Gallery, New York City
1952 Ganso Gallery, New York City
1954 Ganso Gallery, New York City
1955 Ganso Gallery, New York City
1957 Nonagon Gallery, New York City
1961 Mari Gallery, Woodstock, New York
EXHIBITED IN FOLLOWING MUSEUMS AND GALLERIES
Dallas, Texas Museum, Drought (oil), 1936-1937; 1940-1941
Colorado Springs Fine Art Center, Picking up Coal (oil), 1936; Corner Store (oil), 1937; Winter Landscape, (oil), 1940; Still Life (oil), 1941 Corcoran Gallery, Washington, D.C., The Old Street (oil) 1936; Dark Sea (oil),1947
Library of Congress Print Exhibition, a serigraph, 1943
Whitney Museum Annuals, Color Movement (oil), 1944; Sewing Machine (oil), 1950; Still Life with Grapes (oil), 1951; Classic Horses (water color), 1953
Brooklyn Museum Print Annuals, woodcuts, 1951, 1952, 1953, 1954
Philadelphia Print Club, woodcut, 1951
Pennsylvania Academy, Still Life on Sewing Machine (oil), 1950
University of Minnesota, woodcuts, 1954
University of Minnesota, print, 1954
Pennsylvania Academy, oils, 1950, 1953, 1964
Audubon Artists Annual Exhibit, Abstract Composition (oil), 1945; Two Frogs (oil), 1946; Painting # 233. (oil), 1947; title unknown (oil), 1948; title unknown (oil), 1949; Church on Corner (oil), 1950; The Bride (casein), 1951; title unknown (water color), 1953.
Worchester Museum Virginia Museum Spiral Group Annual Exhibit, every year since 1946, at Riverside Museum and New School for Social Research, titles not known, not listed in catalogs.
American Abstract Artists Annuals
Mari Gallery, Woodstock, New York, Group Shows
Karlis Gallery, Provincetown, Massachusetts
Museum of Arts and Crafts, New York
Metropolitan Museum, New York, NY
Mrs. James Reefer
Pfizer (Charles and Company)
University of Massachusetts
"Applied in a free and spontaneous fashion, layer upon layer, flooding the surface of his canvases in a density of texture, the color glowing beneath it all...his paintings were extensions of himself, strong, lyrical statements."
That's how New York City artist Michael Loew described Joseph Meert's work. Thomas Hart Benton thought Meert one of his best students and invited him to teach with him at the Kansas City Art Institute. Unbeknownst to most people, Jackson Pollock thought highly of his work and counted him as one of his closest friends. Loew summed up Meert's Artistic achievement by saying "he was one of our early innovators who helped launch American painting toward its current, prestigious position,"
Then why has no one outside of a few New York City artists ever heard of Meert? "Something got beaten out of Joe" said Herman Cherry, a teacher at the New School. "The toughness of life was too much for him."
But it wasn't always that way. Meert was born in Belgium in 1905 and immigrated to Kansas City with his family five years later; arriving in wooden shoes he liked to say. His father became a repairman on the Union Pacific Railroad and it was while carrying lunch to him one day that Meert had a sort of epiphany. A painter was stenciling numbers on the side of a boxcar. When he removed the stencil, the bold white numbers seemed to leap out at Joe from the solid red background. Meert carried a sketchbook everywhere after that and eventually enrolled at the Kansas City Art Institute. After three years of study with Anthony Angarola and Adolph Blondheim, he lit out for New York City and the Art Student's League.
There, he met another Midwesterner who had to buss dishes to pay tuition, Jackson Pollock. Meert's paintings from this period of farmers, miners and itinerants show a strong compassion for the working class. Like much of Pollock’s work during the thirties, the paintings are representational and defined by strong, curving lines, the imprint of their fiery-willed teacher, Thomas Hart Benton.
Benton liked both Meert and his paintings and asked him to teach with him at the Kansas City Art. Institute in 1935. Meert grabbed his new bride Margret Mullin, an art teacher from Mamaroneck, and spent the next five years in. Kansas City. But Meert was an artist, not a teacher and in a letter to a friend that fall he wrote "It really hurts me to give my time to those damned rich sophisticated students."
Yet something endured from Meert 's time back home. Roosevelt was President and the government was commissioning artists to adorn public buildings. From 1938 to 1939, Meert painted murals for the Treasury Department at the Spencer, Indiana and Marceline and Mt. Vernon, MO post offices.
Eventually however, all artists have to break with their teachers and discover their own style. When he returned to New York in 1941, Meert quit painting for six months and did nothing but visit museums. After that, he picked up a brush and hasn't put it down since. The haunted, wraith-like figures that peer out of his canvases were painted in a style soon to be labeled abstract expressionism, a movement that would shift the capital of the art world from Paris to New York.
It was during this period that Meert began to play a crucial role in Jackson Pollock's life. Writing in support of a Guggenheim grant in 1956, Herman Cherry said "it was my feeling that without Joe and Margaret, Jackson's life would have been shortened. Many times late at night I would hear Jackson bellowing beneath my window for Joe and Margret to take him in. When he was desperate and torn by conflicts and too drunk to be of any use - to himself and others - he always headed to the Meert’s for succor. I tell you this because Joe won't, and I know if Jack were alive that he would have done everything to alleviate their condition.”
But as Meert's natural shyness began to assert itself, "he was like a wounded pigeon" said Loew, he became dependant on Margret and withdrew further. In the late sixties, the Meerts bought, a house in the Catskills, isolating themselves from the few friends they had left in New York. After Margret's death in 1979, Joe was moved to a rest home in Cheshire, Connecticut, where he became increasingly bewildered "I painted a whole life and don't, have anything to show for it."
Because he rarely showed his work, Meert's house was brimming with the creative output of a lifetime when it was opened in the fall of 1979. Canvases were stacked five and six deep against tables, on chairs and in crawl spaces. Two Jackson Pollock's and an original photograph by Margaret Bourke White were discovered in the attic. Stained glass filled the windows giving the house a sacred, chapel-like aura. Four huge canvases, the seasons, lay propped against a workbench, the last one, winter, only partially finished.
But did reclusiveness hide great talent? Is Meert another Van Gogh, waiting for posterity to discover him? In the 1950s another Kansas City Native, lawyer and former Under Secretary of State, Fowler Hamilton took a passionate interest in Meert's work and bought his paintings for the next three decades. "What one is trying to do in modern art" said Hamilton in 1982 "is to give rise to the viewer feelings that are similar to the painter's when he grasps the spiritual reality behind the physical facade. It takes a very great, person to paint the feeling for the spiritual by excluding his own selfish, transient emotions."
Unfortunately, Hamilton died in 1984 while gathering Meert’s paintings for a retrospective. So the answer, to Heart's artistic merit, the paintings themselves, lie sealed in a vault in New York City.
Date unknown, from a scanned document
All artworks are offered subject to prior sale and although we regret any errors or omissions, we reserve the right to change anything.
keith @ struve.biz (leave out the spaces)
All artwork is offered subject to prior sale and although we regret any errors or omissions, we reserve the right to change anything.